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What is normal child birth (Vaginal Birth)? 

Having a child is a remarkable adventure. Many individuals consider it a blessing to be a parent, The process of normal childbirth is categorized in three stages of labour: the shortening and dilation of the cervix , descent and birth of the infant, and birth of the placenta. Stage one consist of three phases; latent, active, and transition

Stage one

The latent phase is the longest yet the least intense phase. Contractions become more frequent, helping the cervix will dilate approximately 3 or 4 centimeters and efface (thin out), so your baby can pass through the birth canal.

During the active phase the cervix dilates from 4 to 7 centimeters. The mother may start feel more intense pain or pressure in your back or abdomen during each contraction. She may also feel the urge to push or bear down, but the doctor will ask her to wait until the cervix is completely open.

During the transition, the cervix is fully dilated reaching up to 10 centimeters. Contractions are very strong, painful, and more frequent, occurring every three to four minutes and lasting from 60 to 90 seconds.

Stage two

This stage begins when the cervix is completely opened. At this point, the doctor will give you the OK to push. Your pushing, along with the force of your contractions, will propel your baby through the birth canal. The fontanels (soft spots) on your baby\'s head allow it to fit through the narrow canal.

Your baby\'s head crowns, when the widest part of it reaches the vaginal opening. As soon as the baby\'s head comes out, your doctor will remove the amniotic fluid, blood, and mucus from the baby’s nose and mouth. She will continue to push to help deliver the baby\'s shoulders and body.

Once the baby is delivered the doctor will then, with permission for the parent(s), clamps and cuts the umbilical cord. 

Stage three

After the baby is delivered the female will then deliver the placenta, the organ that nourished the baby inside the womb.

It’s important to note that each woman and each labor is different. The amount of time spent in each stage of delivery will be different. If it is the first pregnancy for the female, labor and delivery usually lasts about 12 to 14 hours. Most times, the process is usually shorter for subsequent pregnancies. 

It’s also important to note that during normal birth the baby is born head-first, through the vagina or birth canal, but may include intervention by a health-care professional to support or help the birth. Some of these interventions may include the following:

Augmentation of labor – In prolonged labor, the contraction of the cervical wall can become weaken. If the contractions are not strengthening by a certain time then, the baby may die in the womb. In this case a health care professional can administer medications such as oxytocin which can stimulate contractions and help to activate pushing.

Listening to the baby’s heartbeat – Monitoring the baby’s heart is very important during delivery. Electronic monitoring of the baby’s heartbeat is essential in ensuring that the baby is not in cardiac arrest during the delivery process.

Artificial rupture of the membranes – During labour, the amniotic (fluid) sac that surrounds the baby breaks so the baby’s head can come down into the birth canal. In active birth if this does not happen, then the health-care provider may create a small hole in the sac in order for the baby to come through the birth process safely.